This Month in History: March


March 1, 1961: President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps, an American organization that sends volunteers to developing countries to assist with healthcare and education, among other needs.

March 3, 1913: Thousands of women gather in Washington, D.C. to march in a parade calling for a constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote. The organizers of the parade called attention to the march by hosting it one day before the inauguration of President-elect Woodrow Wilson.

March 4, 1789: The United States Congress meets in New York City for the first time under the new U.S. Constitution.

March 6, 1806: English Victorian poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning, who wrote poetry from the age of six, is born in Kelloe, UK.  

March 12, 1994: 32 women are ordained in the Church of England as its first female priests. In protest, hundreds of male clergy and church members leave and join the Roman Catholic Church, which does not allow female priests.

March 14, 1833: Lucy Beaman Hobbs Taylor, the first American woman to graduate from dental school, is born in Constable, NY.  

March 17: St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated, commemorating the death of St. Patrick, Ireland’s patron saint, who is credited with bringing Christianity to the country. A well known legend is that St. Patrick explained the concept of the Holy Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) with the three leaves of the shamrock.

March 22, 1972: The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which prohibited gender discrimination, is passed by the U.S. Senate and sent to the states for ratification, but fails to pass by three states.

March 25, 1807: The Abolition of the Slave Trade Act receives royal assent in Britain, thus abolishing slave trade in the British Colonies and making it illegal to carry slaves in British ships.

March 30, 1853: Post-Impressionist painter Vincent Van Gogh is born in Zundert, Holland.

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